CDP Study Notes For CTET: In this article, We provide Child Development most important chapter Concepts of Growth and Development notes For CTET and other teaching Exams like UPtet, MPtet, Reet etc.
Concepts of Growth and Development
Growth: When our body structure or shape starts growing, this is known as growth. Growth refers to structural and Physical changes in our body. When our weight, height hands and feet start to increase this is known as growth. It goes on increasing till a certain period and once it reaches maturity, it stops.
According to Crow and Crow: Groth refers to structural and physiological changes.
Development: Development is a process which starts from the prenatal stage and continues regularly all our life till death. It is a continuous process which includes both qualitative and quantitative change.
Difference Between Growth and Development
|Growth is a non-directional process||Development is both qualitative and quantitative in nature.|
|Growth refers to physical aspects only.||Development refers to physical, cognitive, social and emotional aspects.|
|Growth stops after a time .||Development continues throughout life.|
|Growth can be measured.||Development can only be assured.|
|Growth is a non directional process||Development is a directional process.|
Broad Domains oF Development
- Physical Development
- Cognitive Development
- Social Development
Physical Development– It refers to an increase in a child physical structure like height weight size shape etc.
Motor Development – It is an important aspect of Physical development. Motor development is a collective effort of muscles, the nervous system and the central nervous system to control different physical activities.It has two types.
A) Gross Motor Skill –
- Use of big muscles arm or leg muscles
- Big activities
- Example – running , jumping, walking
B) Fine Motor Skill –
- Use of small muscles
- Small activities
- Example – Drawing Painting Writing